Since its invention, the gun has been a staple of human society. Its use has changed the course of history. Guns have also undergone some major changes since the Chinese first developed gunpowder in the 9th century. Though there is centuries of information on weapons, that does not mean you can learn everything you need to know about guns. Whether you are an experienced gun owner, looking for guns for sale online, or just want to gain some more information about firearms in general, there is something that everyone can learn.
Types of Guns
The evolution and progression of the gun has led to many subcategories of firearms. Arms has a broad range that fit under that definition, and so does firearms. Some of the most common are:
These weapons are designed to be fired from the shoulder. They have a barrel with a helical groove cut into the wall.
These firearms are designed to be fired from the shoulder. They discharge ammunition that is filled with small spherical pellets (shot) or solid projectiles known as slugs.
These are a large-caliber firearm that is muzzle-loading. These heavy smoothbore weapons are fired from the shoulder and were carried by infantrymen.
These are weapons that can be held in one hand, most notably the pistol or revolver.
These are weapons that can fire distances much greater than the typical range and power of shoulder- or hand-fired guns.
These are just a few of the most commonly seen firearms. There is still a wide variety of subcategories that comprise the entire spectrum of firearms.
Ammo is short for ammunition. This is the material that is fired from a gun. When dealing with a firearm, this term generally refers to shot, shrapnel, bullets, shells, cartridges, or slugs. It comes in a variety of different sizes for fit different calibers of weapons. Ammo can also come designed for specific purposes, including non-lethal and target, to name a couple. Commonly known as rounds, ammunition is held within magazines or loaded directly into the barrel of a gun before firing.
For all the different varieties of firearms, there are equally as many accessories made for them. Scopes, rails, grips, suppressors – the list is nearly endless. They can improve weapon performance, increase ammunition carry capacity, or provide an aesthetic difference.
For weapons that can fire multiple shots in succession, the ammunition must be stored on the weapon so that it can be reloaded instantly. Most are detachable so that they can be reloaded. The main function of the magazine is to move cartridges into a position from which they can be loaded into the chamber of the weapon. A removable magazine is often referred to as a clip. They can range in carrying capacity depending on the weapon and bullet caliber.
Scope, Optics, & Mounts
Improving shooting accuracy is something that every marksmen needs or wants to do. An ideal way to do this is through the use of scopes, optics, and mounts commonly known as sights. These accessories assist with the aiming of a weapon, aligning a firearm, and viewing objects from a distance. Some also project a target or aiming point to show a detailed image of where your shot will make contact.
A pastime, a coming of age, and a way of putting food on the table, hunting is one of the major activities than involves the use of a firearm. Though it is not necessary to use a firearm – many hunters use bows or traps – they are commonly associated with the hunting world. Rifles are made to take down animals from as large as a rhino to as small as a squirrel. There is a vast difference between the two weapons, in large part because what will take down a rhino would obliterate a squirrel and what would successfully kill a squirrel would not do much damage to a rhino. Hunting weapons are as diverse as the animals that are our prey.
Range and Sport Shooting
Recreational shooting is one of the greatest pastimes for avid gun enthusiasts. There are numerous international competitions that showcase an individual or team’s ability in marksmanship. From skeet or target shooting to competitions, range and sport shooting feature a wide variety of weapons fired under countless situations.
Firearms have been used for defense since their inception. Being able to protect your country, state, community, and home is the basis for the second amendment and the right of every individual. Self-defense weapons can be handguns, shotguns, rifles, and myriad other firearms. Being comfortable using your weapon against invaders is the first step to securing the self-defense weapon that is right for you. There is arguably no better reason to buy a gun than for self-protection.
Handling and Safety
The old saying “a gun is not a toy” is true on so many levels. Proper handling and safety of a firearm is imperative to the livelihood of the owner of the weapon and the people they come in contact with. Following gun laws and regulations is important for every responsible gun owner. Adhering to the standards of safety for your firearm will ensure a safer environment for everyone.
Maintaining your firearm is crucial for is functionality and durability. When a weapon is dirty or clogged, it can cause misfires or backfires that can result in injury or fatality. Routinely clean your weapon to make sure it is working at optimal performance.
While this is a good start for getting you informed on everything you need to know about guns, you will be learning about firearms for the rest of your life. Keep reading, researching – and shooting.